The Canadian hostage, and the indifferent media

I’ve never been impressed with the convoluted definitions of
what makes a journalist. I think it’s pretty simple: someone who collects and
presents information to you and me. I’d only make one proviso: the journalist
needs to experience something on our behalf, to act as a kind of proxy for us,
in doing something that we can’t (or choose not to) do–climb a mountain,
confront a prime minister, eat a live insect, join an army unit at war—and then
tell us, or show us, what it was like and broaden our sense of the world and
how it works.

Journalism, thus, is an experiential thing: you experience
and you tell. You can argue that this definition is overly democratic, that it
degrades and dilutes “professionalism,” that it makes us all journalists and,
in so doing, renders an entire profession superfluous. That may be so, but as a
consumer of news, I am still free to make a choice between “good” and “bad”
journalism as I see it, to separate the wheat from the chaff, to read some
people and ignore others. The gatekeepers are dead. I am my own filter.

All this is a long-winded way of presenting the story of
Beverley Giesbrecht, a dead Canadian journalist whom most of us have probably
not heard about. We don’t know her, I suspect, because the people who decide
such things have decided that she was NOT a credentialed journalist (or a
marginal one at best), that she did something reckless, that she was probably
crazy to begin with, and that, as a result, she doesn’t deserve our compassion.

Giesbrecht spent two years as a hostage of the Taliban. In
that time, she suffered illness, and torture, and she begged for her life in
two videos that you can find on YouTube. The videos are painful to watch,
especially for those who knew her as a tough-minded, outspoken and resolute
British Columbia businesswoman. Her time with the Taliban had reduced her to a
shrunken emotional wreck, toothless, her voice breaking, clearly terrified that
she might be beheaded at any moment.

A few months ago, it was reported in an Indian newspaper
that she had died of a “prolonged illness.” No source was quoted, but the
people who care about Giesbrecht in Canada accept the fact that she is almost
certainly dead because no one has heard a word from her or her captors since September,
2009. The silence is ominous because of geography—she was being held in one of
the most dangerous places on earth—and because of the flurry of communication
that preceded it.

Clearly, she died of the Taliban. But in a way, our
indifference and our skepticism may have contributed to her death. Giesbrecht
never got the media attention of CBC’s Mellissa Fung, who was a Taliban hostage
for four weeks, or of Amanda Lindhout, a captive of Somali insurgents for 15
months. The Canadian government’s deal to secure Fung’s release is still
shrouded in mystery, and Lindhout’s freedom was secured with private donations.

The Pakistan government did little or nothing to get
Giesbrecht out of the clutches of the Taliban, according to journalists I spoke
to in Peshawar, because she was seen as a Taliban sympathizer. “She’s only a
blogger,” was the contemptuous comment of one Pakistani journalist. Pakistan’s
deputy high commissioner in Canada, Mohammed Salim, told me recently: “Nobody
seems very interested in this case.”

Reporters without Borders issued a belated appeal on
Giesbrecht’s behalf, but an official of the Paris-based organization told me
that she was a “propagandist” and not a journalist. The propaganda tag came
because of a website, called Jihad Unspun, that Giesbrecht had mounted for
several years. She had also converted to Islam, and adopted a Muslim
name—Khadija Abdul Qahaar.  As a
result, it seems, she became our version of Hanoi Jane, and didn’t warrant the
level of attention that Reporters without Borders usually lavishes on missing

In the Canadian media, the response to Giesbrecht’s ordeal
was mostly benign neglect. There have been few headlines, and no rousing
editorials (or at least none that I’ve been able to find.) Some of this taciturnity
may be benevolent: the less said about her kidnapping, the less her value to
her captors, and the greater the likelihood that she would be released. Maybe
the media, like Canada’s foreign affairs department, is waiting for
confirmation of her death before saying anything.

Maybe. Maybe not. Or maybe we just don’t care.

Because more than two months have passed since the reports
of her death (reports confirmed by journalists in Peshawar) and still her story
has found little newspaper space or air time. Maybe the people who make
editorial decisions have been googling her name. In the blogosphere, Giesbrecht
is widely portrayed as a bit of a nutcase, a woman who sold her soul to the
Taliban, a fake journalist who walked into the lion’s den of Islamic insurgency
and was devoured. “She made her Muslimah bed,” goes one chatroom entry, “let
her lie in it.”

Some of the attacks are grossly mean-spirited. Terry Glavin,
an author, journalist, and creative writing professor at the University of
British Columbia, describes her in his blog as “pathetic,” a “nutter,” a
“recovering alcoholic” (she recovered in the 1990s), “sordid” and suggests
she’s a “fraud and a lunatic”. He even repeats a suggestion that her website
(no longer online) may have been a CIA front. When I challenged him on this
contention, as a bit of gossip that could have endangered Giesbrecht if her
Taliban captors saw it, Glavin said “it was a matter of wide speculation,
especially in pseudo-Islamist circles.”

He repeats the mantra of other bloggers, that Giesbrecht’s
journalism was “batshit crazy play-acting.”

Journalists who have worked with Giesbrecht in the field say
otherwise. Phil Rees is a British documentary maker who worked for months with
her in Pakistan and in the Middle East. He says she was volatile and
opinionated and confrontational, but otherwise “very professional” and
effective in winning the confidence of Islamic insurgents. “She was basically
who she claims she was, trying to do journalism and trying to give voice to
people who she felt were not getting equal say in the swing of things. . . .
She wanted to make films.”

Giesbrecht never defined herself as such but she was, in a
sense, a practitioner of  immersion
journalism—sometimes defined as reporting from an intensive personal
perspective. As author/journalist Norah Vincent puts it in her book Voluntary
: “The whole point is that you are not

As for her controversial website, friends say it was not
propaganda, but rather a tool to gain the confidence of the people she wanted
to interview. “If you put up a website that looks like another CNN wannabe,”
says one close friend in Canada, Glen Cooper, “they’re not going to pay much
attention to you.”

Giesbrecht herself said of her website: “It is my hope that
this will inspire others to Islam and to take a stand against this shameful war
on ‘terrorism.’ I am not a ‘terrorist,’ a fanatic or mentally unbalanced. On
the contrary, I am a level-headed, capable woman, a humanitarian and a
contributing member of society.”

Both Channel 4 in the U.K. and the Al-Jazeera network used
footage she shot, and interviews she secured. In fact, she was pursuing a story
for Channel 4 when she was kidnapped in November, 2008. She was almost broke,
desperate for a scoop. An eerily-prophetic email she sent to Channel 4’s news
desk talked of a “death-defying journey into Pakistan’s tribal areas.” The news
desk sent her a reply, saying they would like a “taster”—a sample of the story
she was hoping to do.

A few days later, Giesbrecht herself became the story, and
in a profound irony, she became its victim. We, the people she was working for,
were not able to save her. The least we can do is find a compassionate way to
mourn her. Because her story, her immersive experience, has taught us something
poignant and illuminating about a war in a faraway land.

For that reason alone, I think she’s earned the epitaph of: